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Fitness Training: Four Basic Elements

08 May

How can you get in shape without buying a lot of expensive equipment? Do you need to spend hours in the gym to improve your physical fitness?

The answer to both questions is no. You can reach your fitness goals without spending excess amounts of cash with fitness training.

Fitness training is comprised of four basic elements. Aerobic fitness, muscular fitness, stretching, and core stability training will help you reduce body fat, improve heart health and aid in your overall well being. You will want to design an exercise routine that includes all four elements.

Aerobic fitness is the heart of any fitness training program. Increased aerobic fitness will improve the health of your heart, lungs, and blood vessels by transporting oxygen throughout your body. Aerobic activities include those that use the large muscle groups and increase your heart rate.

Walking, jogging, biking, swimming, and dancing are included in this segment of Fitness Training. Aerobic exercise is a great way to begin your workout as it will allow you to slowly warm up and prepare your body for more vigorous exercise.

The next step of fitness training is developing your muscles. As your muscle fitness improves you will reduce unwanted body fat and increase lean muscle mass. Improved muscle fitness encourages your body to burn calories more powerfully.

Your joints will become stronger and be less likely to receive injury. You will increase your stamina and most likely sleep better! Resistance machines, free weights, and resistance bands all aid in the building of lean muscle mass.

Do not stop your training at muscle fitness. The third component of Fitness Training is stretching. During exercise your muscles contract and it is imperative that you stretch them out.

You will notice a boost in your flexibility, your posture will improve, you will have better circulation and be less susceptible to injury. Stretching exercises should be performed at least three times a week.

Stretching should always be integrated at the end of your regular workout. Yoga and tai chi are great ways to stretch your muscles.

The final component to fitness training is core stability. Core stability strengthens your core muscles-the muscles in your lower back, pelvis, and abdomen.

Working these muscle groups will improve your balance and stability. Crunches and exercises performed with a fitness ball work well here.

It is important to keep a fitness training log. You can record where and when you work out and the exercises performed.

You will want to record times, reps, and any other pertinent information from your workout. This log will be very motivational as it will show what you have done, where you started, and how much you have improved.

You can develop your own fitness training program or work with a trainer to develop one specifically for you and your needs. Plan on working out at least three times a week and set aside at least one half hour for your exercise regime. You will quickly see results- improved heart, lung, and blood vessel health, weight loss, and an increase in lean muscle mass.

Richard Black helps people learn about female weight training
at his website on weight training routines .